Sunday, February 19, 2012

12th Infantry Regiment

The 12th Infantry Regiment is one of the oldest and most decorated units of the United States Army. The 12th Regiment has fought in seven wars from the Civil War to the Global War on Terrorism and has been awarded four Presidential Unit Citations, five Valorous Unit Awards and the Belgian Fourragere.

Lineage of the 12th Infantry Regiment:
Constituted 3 May 1861 in the Regular Army as the 1st Battalion, 12th Infantry
Organized 20 October 1861 at Fort Hamilton, New York
Reorganized and redesignated 7 December 1866 as the 12th Infantry
Abandoned (closed) Fort Abraham Lincoln, North Dakota; assigned to Fort Yates, North Dakota, July 1891, Company F
Abandoned (closed) Fort Bennett, South Dakota; assigned to Fort Yates, North Dakota, October 1891, Company A
Assigned 17 December 1917 to the 8th Division
Relieved 15 August 1927 from assignment to the 8th Division and assigned to the 4th Division
Relieved 1 October 1933 from assignment to the 4th Division and assigned to the 8th Division
Relieved 10 October 1941 from assignment to the 8th Division and assigned to the 4th Division (later redesignated as the 4th Infantry Division)
Inactivated 27 February 1946 at Camp Butner, North Carolina
Activated 15 July 1947 at Fort Ord, California
Relieved 1 April 1957 from assignment to the 4th Infantry Division and reorganized as a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS)
Withdrawn 16 June 1989 from the CARS and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System
Currently 1st Battalion and 2nd Battalion, 12th Infantry Regiment are part of 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division at Fort Carson, Colorado.

Campaign Participation Credit

Civil War:

Peninsula Manassas
Antietam
Fredericksburg
Chancellorsville
Gettysburg
Wilderness
Spotsylvania
Cold Harbor
Petersburg
Virginia 1862
Virginia 1863

Indian Wars:

Modocs
Bannocks
Pine Ridge

Spanish-American War:

Santiago

Philippine-American War:

Malolos
Tarlac
Luzon 1899

World War II:

Normandy (with arrowhead)
Northern France
Rhineland
Ardennes-Alsace
Central Europe

Vietnam:

Counteroffensive, Phase II
Counteroffensive, Phase III
Tet Counteroffensive
Counteroffensive, Phase IV
Counteroffensive, Phase V
Counteroffensive, Phase VI
Tet 69/Counteroffensive
Summer-Fall 1969
Winter-Spring 1970
Sanctuary Counteroffensive
Counteroffensive, Phase VII

Decorations

Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for LUXEMBOURG
Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for SUOI TRE, VIETNAM
Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for PLEIKU PROVINCE
Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for DAK TO DISTRICT
Valorous Unit Award for PLEIKU PROVINCE
Valorous Unit Award for CENTRAL HIGHLANDS
Valorous Unit Award for SAIGON - LONG BINH
Valorous Unit Award for FISH HOOK
Joint Meritorious Unit Award for Operation Sea Signal (JTF-160) in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba
Belgian Fourragere 1940
Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in BELGIUM
Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in the ARDENNES
Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1966-1967
Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1967-1968
Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1968-1970
Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1967-1970
Valorous Unit Award for KUNAR PROVINCE, AFGHANISTAN

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