Wednesday, February 8, 2012

Timeline of Major Topics by President: Part 9

The Cold War, 1945-1968

34. Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1953-1961

Republican
VP - Nixon
Major Items:
22nd Amendment
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO)
Suez Crisis, 1956
Eisenhower Doctrine
the "race for space"
Alaska and Hawaii become states, 1959

35. John F. Kennedy, 1961-1963

Democrat
VP - Lyndon B. Johnson
Major Items:
Alliance for Progress
Baker v. Carr, 1962
Peace Corps
Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962
"New Frontier"
Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty
Assassinated in Dallas, Texas, November 22, 1963, by Lee Harvey Oswald

36. Lyndon B. Johnson, 1963-1968

Democrat
VP - Humphrey
Major Items:
The "Cold War"
Cuban Policy
Income tax cut
Wesberry v. Sanders, 1964
Civil Rights Act, 1964
Voting Rights Act, 1965
Anti-Poverty Act, 1964
Elementary and Secondary education reform
Medicare
"Great Society"

Detente and Rapprochement, 1968 - 1992

37. Richard M. Nixon, 1968-1974

Republican
VP - Spiro Agnew, Gerald Ford
Major Items:
"Imperial Presidency"
Landing on the moon, July 1969
Warren Burger, Chief Justice, 1969
Woodstock, August 1969
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established, 1970
16th Amendment, 1971
Visit to China, February 1972
Visit to Russia, May 1972
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT), 1972
Kissinger and "shuttle diplomacy," 1973-1975
Wounded Knee, South Dakota, 1973
Allende regime in Chile overthrown with the help of the CIA, September 1973
Agnew resigns, 1973
Nixon resigns, August 9, 1974
Pentagon Papers, August 30, 1971 (superior court allows the NY Times to publish)

38. Gerald Ford, 1974-1976

Republican
1st appointed President
VP - Nelson Rockefeller
Neither President nor Vice-President had been elected
Major Items:
Pardons Richard Nixon
OPEC crisis, 1974

39. Jimmy Carter, 1977-1981

Democrat
VP - Walter Mondale
Major Items:
Panama Canal Treaty signed, September 1977
Established diplomatic relations with China and ended recognition of Taiwan
Three-Mile Island Incident, March 1979 (nuclear reactor leak in Pennsylvania)
Egypt and Israel peace treaty; Sadat and Begin win the Nobel Prize, 1979
Iran Hostage Crisis, 1979 (rescue attempt, 8 killed, April 1980)
Seizure of Afghanistan by Soviets, 1979
"Stagflation"
Boycott of Olympics in Moscow to protest invasion of Afghanistan

40. Ronald Reagan, 1981-1989

Republican
VP - George Bush
Major Items:
Hostages returned
Falkland Islands Crisis, 1982 (U. S. supports England)
1500 Marines sent to Beirut, 1983; withdrawn in 1984
Grenada, October 1983
Nicaragua, 1984
Sandra Day O'Connor, first woman appointed to the Supreme Court
"Supply-side economics"
Iran-Contra Hearings, Summer 1987 (Oliver North)

41. George Bush, 1989- 1993

Republican
VP - Dan Quayle
Major Items:
Savings and Loan Scandal, 1990
Berlin Wall came down leading to the reunification of Germany
Invasion of Panama, 1990
Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm (the Gulf War), January to August 1992

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